Kritisk 0-dags sårbarheter i Windows Adobe Type Manager Library

To kritiske sårbarheter er funnet i Microsoft som blir aktivt utnyttet i målrettede angrep.

 

Beskrivelse

Sårbarhetene gjelder for alle Windows versjoner og blir i dag aktivt utnyttet i målrettede angrep. Det er heller ikke ventet en fiks før 14.april fra Microsoft.

Begge sårbarhetene ligger i Windows Adobe Type Manager Library, og utnyttes når bibliotektet håndterer en spesielt laget «multi master font», som gir angripere muligheten til å kjøre vilkårlig kode på sårbare systemer. Brukeren blir da lurt til å åpne skadelige dokumenter eller ved å forhåndsvise disse i Windows sin forhåndsvisning.

Innvirkning

Angripere kan få full kontroll over sårbare systemer.

Sårbare systemer

Windows 10, 8.1, 7

Windows Server 2008, 2012, 2016 og 2019

 Anbefalinger

Siden det ikke kommer en fiks før 14.april så er det sterkt anbefalt å implementere følgende forslag fra Microsoft:

  • Disable the Preview Pane and Details Pane in Windows Explorer

Disabling the Preview and Details panes in Windows Explorer prevents the automatic display of OTF fonts in Windows Explorer. While this prevents malicious files from being viewed in Windows Explorer, it does not prevent a local, authenticated user from running a specially crafted program to exploit this vulnerability. To disable these panes in Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows 8.1, perform the following steps:

  1. Open Windows Explorer, click Organize, and then click Layout.
  2. Clear both the Details pane and Preview pane menu options.
  3. Click Organize, and then click Folder and search options.
  4. Click the View tab.
  5. Under Advanced settings, check the Always show icons, never thumbnails box.
  6. Close all open instances of Windows Explorer for the change to take effect.

For Windows Server 2016, Windows 10, and Windows Server 2019, perform the following steps:

  1. Open Windows Explorer, click the View tab.
  2. Clear both the Details pane and Preview pane menu options.
  3. Click Options, and then click Change folder and search options.
  4. Click the View tab.
  5. Under Advanced settings, check the Always show icons, never thumbnails box.
  6. Close all open instances of Windows Explorer for the change to take effect.

Impact of workaround.

Windows Explorer will not automatically display OTF fonts.

How to undo the workaround.

To re-enable the Preview and Details panes in Windows Explorer for Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows 8.1:

  1. Open Windows Explorer, click Organize, and then click Layout.
  2. Select both the Details pane and Preview pane menu options.
  3. Click Organize, and then click Folder and search options.
  4. Click the View tab.
  5. Under Advanced settings, clear the Always show icons, never thumbnails box.
  6. Close all open instances of Windows Explorer for the change to take effect.

For Windows Server 2016, Windows 10, and Windows Server 2019:

  1. Open Windows Explorer, click the View tab.
  2. Select both the Details pane and Preview pane menu options.
  3. Click Options, and then click Change folder and search options.
  4. Click the View tab.
  5. Under Advanced settings, clear the Always show icons, never thumbnails box.
  6. Close all open instances of Windows Explorer for the change to take effect.

Disable the WebClient service

Disabling the WebClient service helps protect affected systems from attempts to exploit this vulnerability by blocking the most likely remote attack vector through the Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) client service. After applying this workaround it is still possible for remote attackers who successfully exploit this vulnerability to cause the system to run programs located on the targeted user’s computer or the Local Area Network (LAN), but users will be prompted for confirmation before opening arbitrary programs from the Internet.

To disable the WebClient Service, perform the following steps:

  1. Click Start, click Run (or press the Windows Key and R on the keyboard), type Services.msc and then click OK.
  2. Right-click WebClient service and select Properties.
  3. Change the Startup type to Disabled. If the service is running, click Stop.
  4. Click OK and exit the management application.

Impact of workaround.

When the WebClient service is disabled, Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) requests are not transmitted. In addition, any services that explicitly depend on the WebClient service will not start, and an error message will be logged in the System log. For example, WebDAV shares will be inaccessible from the client computer.

How to undo the workaround.

To re-enable the WebClient Service, perform the following steps:

  1. Click Start, click Run (or press the Windows Key and R on the keyboard), type Services.msc and then click OK.
  2. Right-click WebClient service and select Properties.
  3. Change the Startup type to Automatic. If the service is not running, click Start.
  4. Click OK and exit the management application.

Rename ATMFD.DLL

Please note: ATMFD.DLL is not present in Windows 10 installalations starting with Windows 10, version 1709. Newer versions do not have this DLL. See the mitigation section for more information.

For 32-bit systems:

  1. Enter the following commands at an administrative command prompt:
cd "%windir%\system32"
takeown.exe /f atmfd.dll
icacls.exe atmfd.dll /save atmfd.dll.acl
icacls.exe atmfd.dll /grant Administrators:(F) 
rename atmfd.dll x-atmfd.dll
  1. Restart the system.

For 64-bit systems:

  1. Enter the following commands at an administrative command prompt:
	cd "%windir%\system32"
	takeown.exe /f atmfd.dll
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /save atmfd.dll.acl
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /grant Administrators:(F) 
	rename atmfd.dll x-atmfd.dll
	cd "%windir%\syswow64"
	takeown.exe /f atmfd.dll
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /save atmfd.dll.acl
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /grant Administrators:(F) 
	rename atmfd.dll x-atmfd.dll
  1. Restart the system.

Optional procedure for Windows 8.1 operating systems and below (disable ATMFD):

Note Using Registry Editor incorrectly can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems resulting from the incorrect use of Registry Editor can be solved. Use Registry Editor at your own risk. For information about how to edit the registry, view the «Changing Keys And Values» Help topic in Registry Editor (Regedit.exe) or view the «Add and Delete Information in the Registry» and «Edit Registry Data» Help topics in Regedt32.exe.

Method 1 (manually edit the system registry):

  1. Run regedit.exe as Administrator.
  2. In Registry Editor, navigate to the following sub key (or create it) and set its DWORD value to 1: HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows\DisableATMFD, DWORD = 1
  3. Close Registry Editor and restart the system.

Method 2 (use a managed deployment script):

  1. Create a text file named ATMFD-disable.reg that contains the following text:
	Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
	[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows]
	"DisableATMFD"=dword:00000001
  1. Run regedit.exe.
  2. In Registry Editor, click the File menu and then click Import.
  3. Navigate to and select the ATMFD-disable.reg file that you created in the first step. (Note If your file is not listed where you expect it to be, ensure that it has not been automatically given a .txt file extension, or change the dialog’s file extension parameters to All Files).
  4. Click Open and then click OK to close Registry Editor.

Impact of workaround

Applications that rely on embedded font technology will not display properly. Disabling ATMFD.DLL could cause certain applications to stop working properly if they use OpenType fonts. Microsoft Windows does not release any OpenType fonts natively. However, third-party applications could install them and they could be affected by this change.

How to undo the workaround

For 32-bit systems:

  1. Enter the following commands at an administrative command prompt:
	cd "%windir%\system32"
	rename x-atmfd.dll atmfd.dll
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /setowner "NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller"
	icacls.exe . /restore atmfd.dll.acl
  1. Restart the system.

For 64-bit systems:

  1. Enter the following commands at an administrative command prompt:
	cd "%windir%\system32"
	rename x-atmfd.dll atmfd.dll
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /setowner "NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller"
	icacls.exe . /restore atmfd.dll.acl
	cd "%windir%\syswow64"
	rename x-atmfd.dll atmfd.dll
	icacls.exe atmfd.dll /setowner "NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller"
	icacls.exe . /restore atmfd.dll.acl
  1. Restart the system.

Optional procedure for Windows 8.1 operating systems and below (enable ATMFD):

Note Using Registry Editor incorrectly can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems resulting from the incorrect use of Registry Editor can be solved. Use Registry Editor at your own risk. For information about how to edit the registry, view the «Changing Keys And Values» Help topic in Registry Editor (Regedit.exe) or view the «Add and Delete Information in the Registry» and «Edit Registry Data» Help topics in Regedt32.exe.

Method 1 (manually edit the system registry):

  1. Run regedit.exe as Administrator.
  2. In Registry Editor, navigate to the following sub key and set its DWORD value to 0: HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows\DisableATMFD, DWORD = 0
  3. Close Registry Editor and restart the system.

Method 2 (use a managed deployment script):

  1. Create a text file named ATMFD-enable.reg that contains the following text:
	Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
	[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows]
	"DisableATMFD"=dword:00000000
  1. Run regedit.exe.
  2. In Registry Editor, click the File menu and then click Import.
  3. Navigate to and select the ATMFD-enable.reg file that you created in the first step. (Note If your file is not listed where you expect it to be, ensure that it has not been automatically given a .txt file extension, or change the dialog’s file extension parameters to All Files).
  4. Click Open and then click OK to close Registry Editor.

Referanser

  1. https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/ADV200006
  2. https://thehackernews.com/2020/03/windows-adobe-font-vulnerability.html?m=1

 

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